The time has come…
Artclick.com holds a campaign- through the Internet and in general as well- sending a message for the Reunification of the Parthenon Marbles. The campaign is named “BRING THEM BACK!” and its history starts 209 years after 1801, when Lord Elgin decided to vandalize the Acropolis of Athens. The journey of “BRING THEM BACK!” starts in Athens, at the new Acropolis Museum and the Parthenon in order to spread all around the word… With just one click!
A goal of “BRING THEM BACK!” is to sensitize and inform people, no matter what their country, continent and nationality is, about the history of one of the greatest World Heritage Monuments.
A goal of “BRING THEM BACK!” is the parallel promotion of all the Committees, entities and efforts, having contributed so far to the return or reunification of the Parthenon Marbles in Greece.
A goal of “BRING THEM BACK!” is to unite and not to divide.
A goal of “BRING THEM BACK!” are the collective efforts until the 31st December 2010 in order to collect the largest number of signatures by citizens all around the world, sending their own loud message “BRING THEM BACK!” and state their own cultural values in the 21st century.
A goal of “BRING THEM BACK!” is the official delivery of the evidence to the Greek Ministry of Culture and the representatives of the New Acropolis Museum as well as to the administration of the British Museum. Our ultimate goal from this moment on is perhaps the idea of collecting 1.000.000 personal signatures and the discussion around the matter of the petition, set in the European Parliament. The goal of this discussion is to put stress on the matter of the return of the Marbles on an international level.
A goal of “BRING THEM BACK!” is to manage to unite my cultural voice with your cultural voice.
The “BRING THEM BACK!” campaign has already set off from the vernal Athens, having as destination each corner of the world, with enthusiasm!
1.000.000 (and more) “BRING THEM BACK!”.
The 11.4 Article at the Treaty of Lisbon
The citizens offer their suggestions, Europe gives its votes.
The European Union plumps for the principles of an Active Society of Citizens and a direct democracy. In May 2008, the official journal of the European Union publishes the Orders on the E.U. Democratic Values and lays down the citizens’ right to introduce their suggestions in front of the European Parliament, through collecting 1.000.000 signatures on crucial matters, concerning citizens of the European Community. Its goal? To lay the above suggestions on a round (European) table so that they could be adopted as legislative acts.
The New Treaty of Lisbon underlines the direct intervention of the citizens in the European scene and the collective political rights. More explicitly, the necessary condition for the practice of new collective political rights is the “collection of one million signatures at a significant number of member-states, through which it will be possible to ask the European Committee to submit a proposal for a specific matter, within the limits of the power it possesses”.
At the moment, according to the official statements of the members of the European Parliament, the European Committee is expected to submit a proposal for a regulation to the European Parliament and the Council of Ministers so that the law for the implementation of the treaty is legislated. (possibly during 2010). The specific law will clear out all the parameters, like the checking method for the authenticity of the signatures, the significant number of members who must support the suggestion and the protection of the improper practice of this collective right.
Relative ideas and suggestions of citizens have been submitted into the site of the E.U.. It should be noted that the Treaty of Lisbon, which was signed on the 13th December 2008 reformed the Treaty for the European Union and the Treaty establishing the European Community. The above reformations were considered necessary after the accession of the member-states of the European Union from 15 to 27.
PROVISIONS ON DEMOCRATIC PRINCIPLES
In all its activities, the Union shall observe the principle of the equality of its citizens, who shall receive equal attention from its institutions, bodies, offices and agencies. Every national of a Member State shall be a citizen of the Union. Citizenship of the Union shall be additional to national citizenship and shall not replace it.
1. The functioning of the Union shall be founded on representative democracy.
2. Citizens are directly represented at Union level in the European Parliament.
Member States are represented in the European Council by their Heads of State or Government and in the Council by their governments, themselves democratically accountable either to their national Parliaments, or to their citizens.
3. Every citizen shall have the right to participate in the democratic life of the Union. Decisions shall be taken as openly and as closely as possible to the citizen.
4. Political parties at European level contribute to forming European political awareness and to expressing the will of citizens of the Union.
C 115/20 EN Official Journal of the European Union 9.5.2008
1. The institutions shall, by appropriate means, give citizens and representative associations the opportunity to make known and publicly exchange their views in all areas of Union action.
2. The institutions shall maintain an open, transparent and regular dialogue with representative associations and civil society.
3. The European Commission shall carry out broad consultations with parties concerned in order to ensure that the Union's actions are coherent and transparent.
4. Not less than one million citizens who are nationals of a significant number of Member States may take the initiative of inviting the European Commission, within the framework of its powers, to submit any appropriate proposal on matters where citizens consider that a legal act of the Union is required for the purpose of implementing the Treaties.
The procedures and conditions required for such a citizens' initiative shall be determined in accordance with the first paragraph of Article 24 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union.
According to the Article 11 § 4 of the Treaty of Lisbon, for the relative legislative initiative, a collection of 1.000.000 signatures by citizens of the Union, coming from an adequate number of countries is necessary. This number cannot be defined, therefore it is suggested that there is at least one signature from each country, with the help of FRE/DEM, since a minimal number of citizens by the “adequate” number of countries cannot be defined.